When we talk about a Diabetic Diet, Gestational and Type 2 diabetes can be grouped together as the guidelines are similar. Maintaining healthy weight is a key to controlling Type 2 diabetes. For pregnant women, keeping weight gain during your pregnancy within set guidelines for each trimester will go a long way to ensuring you deliver a healthy, full term baby. Once you know how many calories you need to maintain an ideal weight, you can plan a healthy diet of delicious (really!) meals which combine lean protein and complex carbohydrate in appropriate portion sizes.
Pre Diabetic Diet: Pre-diabetes simply means that your blood glucose level is high, but it has not yet passed that ‘line in the sand’ where you are diagnosed with diabetes. Without lifestyle changes, most people who are pre-diabetic — sometimes called ‘borderline’ diabetic – will go on to develop full blown diabetes. A pre-diabetic diet is the same as for Type 2 diabetes: managing your weight through regular exercise and a food plan that moderates your fat intake and includes protein and complex carbohydrates with every meal.
Diabetic Diet Meal Plan: To follow a diabetic diet meal plan, it is helpful to have an understanding of food groups and the essential components of the foods you choose. The diabetic ‘exchange’ format diet categorizes all foods as carbohydrates, meat or meat substitute, or fat. An exchange can be made from within a group, for example a serving of rice could be exchanged for a serving of bread, but not for a serving of cheese. All foods are not created equal when it comes to building the healthiest diabetic meal plan possible. High fiber carbohydrates (whole grain bread) are superior to simple carbohydrates (white bread). A baked chicken breast is superior to a well-marbled portion of fried beef steak.
Type 1 Diabetic Diet Plan: If you have Type 1 diabetes, or perhaps care for a child with Type 1 diabetes, it is vitally important to consume a consistent amount of food each day, and at regular intervals throughout the day. Never skip or delay meals. Your meal plans and your insulin need to work together to keep your blood glucose levels steady throughout the day. If you drink alcohol, avoid sugary mixers and be sure to have it along with some food.
Diabetic Diet Food: Now that we know sugar can be safely consumed by diabetics, albeit in carefully controlled amounts, special diabetic food is not required to build a healthy and delicious diet. Always read food labels, paying close attention to carbohydrate and fat content. Evidence seems to suggest that drinking diet sodas can contribute to weight gain, so that is definitely something to be cautious of. Sugar-free products may help you expand your diet choices, but they are not a ‘free ticket’ to consume endless amounts.
Diabetic low calorie options need to be thought through in the festive season when you are trying to stay on top of your diabetes and keep your weight down. But how do you do this when temptation is everywhere and at Christmas why shouldn’t you be able to indulge just a little? Well if you play your cards right you can have your cake and eat it too.