Type two diabetes is referred to as a “lifestyle disease” due to the fact that its sufferers usually lead an inactive lifestyle and are overweight. Type 2 diabetes is hereditary, but easily preventable by maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle.
What is type two Diabetes?
Type two diabetes is the most common form of the disease and usually affects people over the age of 45 years. Type 2 diabetes is the same as type 1 in that it is a condition that occurs because blood sugar (glucose) levels are too high. Insulin is produced by the pancreas and assists getting the glucose to the body’s cells. Diabetes patients either don’t produce enough insulin or their insulin does not work effectively allowing the glucose levels to get too high. Type 2 diabetes patients can still produce insulin. The problem is that there is not enough insulin or cells have become non-responsive (insulin resistance). Early stages of type 2 diabetes often produce no noticeable symptoms as the pancreas can function with the excess workload. This can change over time as the pancreas tires from being overtaxed. Symptoms may include frequent and excessive urination, thirst, persistent infections, skin complaints such as rashes and itching as well general lethargy and tiredness.
Type 2 diabetes has no known cure. Medical professionals believe that this type of diabetes is hereditary but there is every chance to prevent the onset of the condition with diet and exercise. Most type 2 sufferers have a very large mid-section with excessive quantities of fat. This type of excess weight is most often the result of a high fat and sugar intake, combined with a sedentary lifestyle lacking in physical exercise. There are many government and private organizations that provide tips and advice in relation to the prevention of type 2 diabetes.
Diet for Diabetes Type 2
As a prevention strategy, diet plays an important role. To lose weight you must use more calories than you consume. So a low calorie diet is essential. Eating smaller portions of less energy dense foods is helpful. Drink water and reduce intake of juice, sodas and other flavoured drinks. Another healthy choice is to avoid processed foods including processed meats and choose lean fish, beef and chicken instead. Another good choice is low fat dairy products.