Over 85% of diabetes sufferers have type 2 diabetes. Pre diabetes is a major risk factor for patients to develop type 2 diabetes. Without appropriate treatment and management, which can be as simple as reviewing diet and exercise habits, nearly 70% of pre diabetes cases develop into type 2 diabetes. People suffering pre diabetes also have a higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
Pre Diabetes Treatment
While pre diabetes has no symptoms, it is possible to recognize the condition using a number of risk factors. Smoking, high blood pressure, obesity, heart disease and polycystic ovarian syndrome are used as indicators for people that should be tested for pre diabetes. A person who has been diagnosed with pre diabetes will have either one or both glucose related conditions, impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). Both forms of this condition can be slowed with a treatment regime of exercise, weight loss and diet.
Pre Diabetic Diet
With so much conflicting online information about pre diabetic diets and their affects on the patient it is important to seek professional advice. The main principles of any pre diabetic diet include achieving a healthy weight through low fat eating, combined with the correct carbohydrates. Low GI (glycaemic index) carbohydrates are ideal as they release at a slower rate making it easier for blood sugars to maintain a good balance. It is recommended to have at least one low GI meal or snack per day. It is also important to eat main meals and snacks regularly. A low fat diet also reduces the risks of heart disease many diabetics experience.
Pre Diabetic Management
To help reduce the possibilities of complications or deterioration in a patient’s health, it is a great idea for them to have a pre diabetic management plan prepared with the assistance and support of a health care professional. Lifestyle changes are the major focus of the management regime. The primary areas of focus are weight reduction, physical activity and a balanced diet. The patient should also stop smoking. The patient’s blood pressure and cholesterol should be monitored on a regular basis. Proper management of the pre diabetes condition will significantly delay the onset or prevent type two diabetes. Patients can also use online and medical service provider’s support resources to assist them manage their